2. Digital Evidence


Chapter 2 – Digital Evidence

Satoshi showed up on Internet for the first time at cryptography email list. It was August 2008 when he sent emails to Adam Back and Wei Dai using the email address satoshi@anonymousspeech.com


From: “Satoshi Nakamoto” <satoshi@anonymousspeech.com>
Sent: Friday, August 22, 2008 4:38 PM
To: “Wei Dai” <weidai@ibiblio.org>
Cc: “Satoshi Nakamoto” <satoshi@anonymousspeech.com>
Subject: Citation of your b-money page

The emails sent to Adam and Wei were related to the upcoming paper on Bitcoin – A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System.

On 31st October 2008, Satoshi posted his first email to a cryptography mailing list


Satoshi Nakamoto satoshi at vistomail.com
Fri Oct 31 14:10:00 EDT 2008

He used satoshi@vistomail.com email address to post.

Satoshi replied to James Donald, Hal Finney, Ray Dillinger and others in November 2008


The mailing list moderator Perry Metzger warned Satoshi and others as Bitcoin was related to money.


ADMIN: no money politics, please

Perry E. Metzger perry at piermont.com
Fri Nov 7 12:32:23 EST 2008

List Moderator’s Edict of the Day: A bunch of people seem anxious to branch the discussion of cryptographic cash protocols off into a discussion of the politics of money. I’m a rabid libertarian myself, but this isn’t the rabid libertarian mailing list. Please stick to discussing either the protocols themselves or their direct practicality, and not the perils of fiat money, taxation, your aunt Mildred’s gold coin collection, etc. Perry

Zooko came to rescue Satoshi by offering him P2P hackers mailing list to post his paper. Zooko being an ardent follower of Nick Szabo clearly made my eyebrows raise with his generosity 🙂

ADMIN: no money politics, please

zooko zooko at zooko.com
Fri Nov 7 16:10:31 EST 2008

Hey folks: you are welcome to discuss money politics over at the p2p- hackers mailing list: http://lists.zooko.com/mailman/listinfo/p2p-hackers

I’m extremely interested in the subject myself, having taken part in two notable
failed attempts to deploy Chaumian digital cash and currently being involved in a project that might lead to a third attempt.




There were no emails from Satoshi in December 2008


He was back on 8th Jan 2009 with his first version hosted at source forge

Satoshi Nakamoto satoshi at vistomail.com
Thu Jan 8 14:27:40 EST 2009


On 11 Feb 2009 Satoshi posted on P2P Foundation mentioning he was a male from Japan



Satoshi registered the domain bitcoin.org on 18-Aug-2008.

Time Line of evidence. One domain and 3 email address are used by Satoshi during the two year period he was in limelight -August 2008 till April 2011.

2008-08-18  bitcoin.org registered

2008-08-22  satoshi@anonymousspeech.com email to Wei Dai and Adam Back

2008-10-05   “Nakamoto2” username registered at Sourceforge

2008-10-31   satoshi@vistomail.com email to cryptography mailing list.

2008-10-31   satoshin@gmx.com email mentioned on bitcoin.pdf

2008-10-31 till 2009-01-25  Metzdowd Crytpgraphy email list

2008-12-10    “S_Nakamoto” username registered at Sourceforge

2008-12-10 till 2010-12-13  Sourceforge email list

2009-02-11   P2P Foundation registration

2009-11-19   Satoshi registered at bitcoin forum as user number 3

2011-04-23    Last conversation over gmx email.

2014-09-08  Satoshi email compromised

How did the hacker get into satoshin@gmx.com ?

GMX.com like any other email providers gives alternate email option for password recovery. Satoshi would have used his satoshi@vistomail.com as an alternate email during registration.

Hacker registered  satoshi@vistomail.com first at anonymousspeech.com which would have been expired by Sept, 2014. Then, using password recovery option at gmx, he gained access to satoshin@gmx.com email.

Satoshin@gmx.com is linked to Satoshi’s online world, P2P Foundation, Sourceforge. Hacker wrote everywhere.


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