6. California


Chapter 6 – California

In the Jan of 2009 when Hal and Satoshi were working on Bitcoin Alpha version, Hal encountered an error with the software and he posted the debug log to the mailing list.


“Hi Satoshi – I tried running bitcoin.exe from the 0.1.0 package, and it crashed. I am running on an up to date version of XP, SP3. The debug.log output is attached.”

Satoshi acknowledges the error and fixes the bug. He releases new version 0.1.2


“These problems are kind of screwing up the network and will get worse as more users arrive, so please make sure to upgrade.”


Debug Log

In the initial days of Bitcoin, the software used IP address to send and receive bitcoins. For this reason the debug log becomes crucial for the investigation. It reveals IP’s of 3 users who were connected to the IRC. This happened on 2009-01-10. Satoshi and Hal were the only two people working on the project during that time.

Bitcoin Members at Sourceforge




IRC :uCeSAaG6R9Qidrs!n=uCeSAaG6@226-132.adsl2.netlojix.net JOIN :#bitcoin
GOT JOIN: [uCeSAaG6R9Qidrs]  CAddress(
IRC :lem.freenode.net 353 uCeSAaG6R9Qidrs @ #bitcoin :uCeSAaG6R9Qidrs    x93428606    @u4rfwoe8g3w5Tai
IRC :lem.freenode.net 366 uCeSAaG6R9Qidrs #bitcoin :End of /NAMES list.
IRC :lem.freenode.net 352 uCeSAaG6R9Qidrs #bitcoin n=uCeSAaG6 226-132.adsl2.netlojix.net irc.freenode.net uCeSAaG6R9Qidrs H :0  uCeSAaG6R9Qidrs

GOT WHO: [uCeSAaG6R9Qidrs]  CAddress(
IRC :lem.freenode.net 352 uCeSAaG6R9Qidrs #bitcoin i=x9342860 gateway/tor/x-bacc5813d7825a9a irc.freenode.net x93428606 H :0  x93428606

GOT WHO: [x93428606]  IRC :lem.freenode.net 352 uCeSAaG6R9Qidrs #bitcoin n=u4rfwoe8 h-68-164-57-219.lsanca54.dynamic.covad.net irc.freenode.net u4rfwoe8g3w5Tai H@ :0  u4rfwoe8g3w5Tai

GOT WHO: [u4rfwoe8g3w5Tai]  new  CAddress(

IRC :lem.freenode.net 315 uCeSAaG6R9Qidrs #bitcoin :End of /WHO list.
IRC :u4rfwoe8g3w5Tai!n=u4rfwoe8@h-68-164-57-219.lsanca54.dynamic.covad.net QUIT :Read error: 131 (Connection reset by peer)
IRC :lem.freenode.net 477 ucesaag6r9qidrs #bitcoin :[freenode-info] if you’re at a conference and other people are having trouble connecting, please mention it to staff: http://freenode.net/faq.shtml#gettinghelp

Who’s WHO

Who were these users, which IP belongs to whom?

[x93428606] is the admin of the channel (Satoshi) and connects to i=x9342860 gateway/tor/x-bacc5813d7825a9a

[uCeSAaG6R9Qidrs]  CAddress(

This is Hal Finney, He submits the log

[u4rfwoe8g3w5Tai]  new  CAddress(

This is Satoshi Nakamoto

Satoshi is logged in as admin and user. He connected to Tor as admin and as user. . Reverse DNS h-68-164-57-219.lsanca54.dynamic.covad.net

Hal Finney’s IP can be identified easily as he has hosted his website at this IP and transacted bitcoins using it.


IP Address:
City: Lompoc
State/Region: California
Country: United States
ZIP Code: 93436

Reverse DNS: 226-132.adsl2.netlojix.net
Host/ISP: Silicon Beach Communications

Domains Hosted on IP


Bitcoin transactions of Hal


Satoshi Nakamoto IP



IP Address:
IP Block: –
Reverse DNS: h-68-164-57-219.lsan.ca.dynamic.megapath.net
Host: Covad Communications. Van Nuys, CA, USA
Location: Van Nuys, CA, USA

This is not a TOR exit node which implies that this is the IP address used by Satoshi on 2009-01-10 and he was in Van Nuys on this day. It is very much possible that he might be from california. The state of california got many Nakamoto families living and settled there.

Google doesn’t have much information about the IP except one post from a Coach dated Oct 19, 2008. Satoshi was using ADSL connection and the IP could be assigned to anyone by the ISP on any given day. It is highly unlikely that this user has anything to do with Satoshi.


League by Vista Coach ( Ed Matheus)
We thought that there were some problems with the new rangers at Guajome, so the league meet was moved to Kit Carson for this year. The problems with the rangers have been worked out and hope the league meet will be back a Guajome next year.

Posted on Oct 19, 2008, 11:35 AM
from IP address


5. The Million Bitcoin Question


Chapter 5 – The Million Bitcoin Question

Sergio did some research on Satoshi’s bitcoins and published the article on blog


Sergio says “I estimate at eyesight that Satoshi fortune is around 1M Bitcoins”

Coindesk also published an article related to the same topic



One can check Satoshi’s unspent BTC at Block Explorer. Keep clicking on the next block or previous block, all wallets with 50 BTC (U) unspent belongs to him. Start with Block number 1 to Block number 36285


Bitcoin Block 22361


What happened to the 1 Million BTC Satoshi mined?

The bitcoins are still unspent and the only possible explanation could be any of the following

  • He lost his private keys to the wallet.
  • He deleted the wallet accidentally during the development phase of bitcoin 2009-2010.
  • Bitcoin was not worth it during that period. He did not care much about saving the wallet when he decided to quit.
  • He is scared of CIA and thus deleted the wallet, when Gavin told him that he is meeting CIA on April 2011 .
  • He still holds the wallet and saved it for the future as retirement fund.
  • He is not using the wallet as he want to stay anonymous and do not wish to reveal his identity by using it.
  • He still have access to the wallet but he did not care much to use it for himself because Bitcoin was more about a revolutionary break-through for him.

I quote Satoshi Nakamoto from the forum


“If you send to a recipient who has abandoned or lost their wallet.dat, then the money is lost.  A subtle point can be made that since there is then less total money in circulation, everyone’s remaining money is worth slightly more, aka “natural deflation”.”

By avoiding his money (1 Million BTC) in the wallets, He is helping the bitcoin community.

4. Turning every Stone


Chapter 4 – Turning every Stone

In the early days of bitcoin, many enthusiasts joined the bitcoin movement. They supported Satoshi’s vision and worked with him to develop the code and strategy.

Adam Back, Gavin Andresen, Jeff Garzik, Michael Marquardt (Theymos) and many others. During some of the interviews with media, they shared their work experience with Satoshi and some of the comments would help us to understand the character of Satoshi.

Adam Back


In fact I believe it was me who got Wei Dai’s b-money reference added to Satoshi’s bitcoin paper when he emailed me about hashcash back in 2008.


“Adam Back tells the story of Hashcash, PGP, David Chaum’s DigiCash and Stefan Brands’s electronic cash system, Bitcoin precursors such as Nick Szabo’s bit gold and Wei Dai’s B-Money, leading to Nakamoto’s Bitcoin white paper.”

Hal Finney

Satoshi also communicated with Hal Finney extensively on cryptography email list and Hal was one of the early enthusiasts who joined the project at sourceforge. Hal mentioned about Nick Szabo in an email dated 7th November 2008.


Hal Finney hal at finney.org
Fri Nov 7 18:40:12 EST 2008

“I also do think that there is potential value in a form of unforgeable token whose production rate is predictable and can’t be influenced by corrupt parties. This would be more analogous to gold than to fiat currencies. Nick Szabo wrote many years ago about what he called “bit gold”[1] and this could be an implementation of that concept. There have also been proposals for building light-weight anonymous payment schemes on top of heavy-weight non-anonymous systems, so Bitcoin could be leveraged to allow for anonymity even beyond the mechanisms discussed in the paper.

Hal Finney

[1] http://unenumerated.blogspot.com/2005/12/bit-gold.html



Based on the email conversations between Adam and Hal, we can conclude that Satoshi was unaware of the happenings in the cryptography world. He learned about Wei Dai only after Adam’s referral. Satoshi learnt about Nick (Bitgold) and Zooko (MojoNation) from Hal and named them as references on bitcoin.org website. It simply implies he was NONE of the elite cryptographers. It is highly unlikely that Satoshi belong to Cypher Phunks as many of us thought.

Wayback Machine 2009 – See the references Wei Dai, Nick Szabo and Zooko Wilcox.


Bitcoin.org   Open Source P2P Electronic Cash

Wayback Machine bitcoin.org homepage



Gavin Andresen


“I think he’s an academic, maybe a post-doc, maybe a professor who just doesn’t want the attention,” said Gavin Andresen in an interview at his one-man office in Amherst, Mass., last month. “And that’s why he’s proven anonymous.”

“I mean, Satoshi is a brilliant programmer but he also acts like a lone wolf. So some of the standard software practices, like writing unit tests for your code, well when we started there was not a unit test to be found.”


One quote from Nakamoto convinced Andresen that he, she, or the group, was not a cryptographer:

“Crypto may offer ‘key blinding.’ I did some research and it was obscure, but there may be something there. ‘Group signatures’ may be related.”

But key blinding and group signatures are concepts from Crypto 101.

That’s not to say that Bitcoin was any less ingenious. “Satoshi was a brilliant programmer,” Andresen said. “But he didn’t have a deep understanding of all the cutting edge crypto research that’s going on.”


There was also a lot of talk back then about digital cash and whether there was a way to pay for things that doesn’t require you to trust a government or central authority. They never quite figured that part out. So all the ideas were there, but until Satoshi Nakamoto had this brilliant idea of how to solve the trust problem, it never really took off.

Jeff Garzik


But in spite of being an excellent architect and designer, Satoshi’s coding practices were unconventional, says Garzik, adding that the original version of Bitcoin was Windows only, not very portable and “a jumble of source code” with several half-finished projects.

“He was the oracle to which we would go for questions about the system, but he rarely followed standard engineering practices, like writing unit or stress tests or any of the standard qualitative analysis that we’d perform on software,” Garzik recalls. “Several things had to be disabled almost immediately upon public release of Bitcoin because they were obviously exploitable.”

Michael Marquardt (Theymos)

Reddit Post

“For some time, Satoshi lurked on various cypherpunk mailing lists. It was a little hobby of his, but he wasn’t famous or a major participant. One day the idea for Bitcoin came to him. He wasn’t sure that it’d work, but he was excited about it, so he thought that he’d give implementing it a try. In the two years that it took him to finish 0.1, new interesting facets of the problem presented themselves, and he was able to solve them. He considered a number of future use-cases, and added support for them to his software. When it all seemed to be working OK, he released it.”

Satoshi Nakamoto

Satoshi sent many emails and posted on forums. I am trying to understand the man through his words.


“That’s a great idea. There’s a thriving business in those services, but I’ve always thought the standard payment methods are at odds with privacy minded customers.”


Quote from: laszlo on 2010-06-18, 02:50:31

“How long have you been working on this design Satoshi? It seems very well thought out, not the kind of thing you just sit down and code up without doing a lot of brainstorming and discussion on it first. Everyone has the obvious questions looking for holes in it but it is holding up well”

Since 2007. At some point I became convinced there was a way to do this without any trust required at all and couldn’t resist to keep thinking about it. Much more of the work was designing than coding.

Fortunately, so far all the issues raised have been things I previously considered and planned for.

Bitcoin Paper

The steady addition of a constant of amount of new coins is analogous to gold miners expending resources to add gold to circulation.

The probability of an attacker catching up from a given deficit is analogous to a Gambler’s Ruin problem. Suppose a gambler with unlimited credit starts at a deficit and plays potentially an infinite number of trials to try to reach break even.


As an example, say some unpopular military attack has to be ordered, but nobody wants to go down in history as the one who ordered it. If 10 leaders have private keys, one of them could sign the order and you wouldn’t know who did it.


“The developers expect that this will result in a stable-with-respect-to-energy currency outside the reach of any government.” — I am definitely not making an such taunt or assertion.

Sorry to be a wet blanket.  Writing a description for this thing for general audiences is bloody hard.  There’s nothing to relate it to.


“In the absence of a market to establish the price (of bitcoin, estimates) based on production cost is a good guess and a helpful service (thanks). The price of any commodity tends to gravitate toward the production cost. If the price is below cost, then production slows down. If the price is above cost, profit can be made by generating and selling more. At the same time, the increased production would increase the difficulty, pushing the cost of generating towards the price. In later years, when new coin generation is a small percentage of the existing supply, market price will dictate the cost of production more than the other way around.



  • Nick Szabo and Wei Dai were suspected to be Satoshi just because he mentioned their names as references on bitcoin website and many times in forums. According to me, it was general discussion.
  • Satoshi does not follow the conventional methods of software development in the initial phase.
  • Satoshi is not an elite cryptographer but understands cryptography.
  • Satoshi is good with architecture and designing algorithm.
  • Satoshi is well versed with C, C++ and works on windows during the 2008-2010 period.
  • Satoshi is a brilliant programmer.
  • Satoshi is well versed with Economics.
  • Satoshi uses analogies wherever possible. He has a unique way to explain things. He feels bad if there is no analogy to relate to 🙂
  • Satoshi is a privacy advocate.
  • Satoshi is not an anarchist or against the government. He never made any comments related to that. Satoshi was more interested in the technology.
  • Satoshi started working on Bitcoin from Mid 2007. Financial meltdown or his own personal interest could be the reason.
  • Satoshi is a single person, not a group. The language used has consistency of a single person. The usage of “We” is common among publishers while submitting papers.
  • Considering Theymos is right about Satoshi, it was always trial and error as the concept was new and Satoshi was not sure about the outcome.
  • Digital Cash was a popular topic in cryptography circles dating back to 1990. Satoshi succeeded only by solving the double spending problem without a trusted third party. Bitcoin is a result of many inventors like Mark Miller, Adam Back, David Chaum, Stefan Brands and couple of Japanese cryptographers.

Based on the conclusions drawn, Satoshi’s skillset appears to be of academic level with no real-time working experience of cryptography or software development . He seems to have a right blend of Cryptography, Coding and Economics which is very amusing.

3. Japanese Connection


Chapter 3 – The Japanese Connection

Apart from the name Satoshi Nakamoto and profile information at P2P foundation, the whois of bitcoin.org also leads to Japan. The japanese connection has confused many.

Whois history at domain tools from 2008-08-19 – 2011-11-21

Domain ID:D153621148-LROR
Created On:18-Aug-2008 13:19:55 UTC
Last Updated On:18-Aug-2008 13:19:57 UTC
Expiration Date:18-Aug-2009 13:19:55 UTC
Sponsoring Registrar:eNom, Inc. (R39-LROR)
Registrant ID:df044d568e0
Registrant Organization:Anonymousspeech LLC
Registrant Street1:1-3-3 Sakura House None
Registrant Street2:
Registrant Street3:
Registrant City:Nakano-ku
Registrant State/Province:Tokyo-to
Registrant Postal Code:164-0011
Registrant Country:JP
Registrant Phone:+50.55396801
Registrant Phone Ext.:
Registrant FAX:
Registrant FAX Ext.:
Registrant Email:contact@anonymousspeech.com

The record is updated on 2011-05-18. From this day it is owned by Martti Malmi (Sirius)

Domain ID:D153621148-LROR
Created On:18-Aug-2008 13:19:55 UTC
Last Updated On:18-May-2011 04:47:13 UTC
Expiration Date:18-Aug-2019 13:19:55 UTC
Sponsoring Registrar:eNom, Inc. (R39-LROR)
Registrant ID:02e87e389a273cab
Registrant Name:Louhi  Net Oy
Registrant Organization:Louhi Net Oy
Registrant Street1:Italahdenkatu 22 A
Registrant Street2:
Registrant Street3:
Registrant City:Helsinki
Registrant State/Province:
Registrant Postal Code:00210
Registrant Country:FI
Registrant Phone:+358.925122180
Registrant Phone Ext.:
Registrant FAX:+1.123
Registrant FAX Ext.:
Registrant Email:hostmaster@louhi.net


The email transcripts between Dustin and Satoshi reveals the IP address used by Satoshi in 2009.


The headers from the emails

From satoshi@vistomail.com Tue Jan 13 07:55:20 2009
Return-Path: <satoshi@vistomail.com>
Delivered-To: dustintrammell-dtrammell@dustintrammell.com
Received: (qmail 27444 invoked from network); 13 Jan 2009 07:55:20 -0000
Received: from anonymousspeech.com (HELO mail.anonymousspeech.com)
( by oaklabs.net with SMTP; 13 Jan 2009 07:55:20 -0000
Received: from server123 ([]) by anonymousspeech.com with
MailEnable ESMTP; Tue, 13 Jan 2009 15:55:13 +0800
MIME-Version: 1.0
Date: Tue, 13 Jan 2009 15:39:31 +0800
X-Mailer: Chilkat Software Inc (http://www.chilkatsoft.com)
X-Priority: 3 (Normal)
Subject: Re: Bitcoin v0.1 released
Content-Type: text/plain
From: “Satoshi Nakamoto” <satoshi@vistomail.com>
Reply-To: satoshi@vistomail.com
To: dtrammell@dustintrammell.com
Message-ID: <CHILKAT-MID-4796e86e-a686-4a4b-2438-8bec9d82ecfe@server123>
X-Evolution-Source: pop://dustintrammell-dtrammell@mail.oaklabs.net/
Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit

The IP address belongs to Piradius Net located at Malaysia. Anonymousspeech was using this server during that period.




Satoshi logged in to the Bitcoin forum for the last time on December 13, 2010. According to Gavin and others, he was in touch with the core development team till April 2011 using his satoshin@gmx.com email.

Last email of Satoshi

April 2011,  Satoshi said “I’ve moved on to other things. It’s in good hands with Gavin and everyone.



View the profile of satoshi

User statistics for  satoshi


Who owns anonymousspeech.com and vistomail.com?

Anonymousspeech.com and Vistomail.com are owned by Michael Weber a resident of Switzerland. He was living in Japan during 2008 and now living in Mexico. He offers anonymous emails and domains as a business service. Payments can be made anonymously using Cash by mail, Money Gram, Paypal, transfer to swiss bank account. The business is still running and anyone can get anonymousspeech.com and vistomail.com email accounts.

Jan 2007 Wayback Machine reveals information about the service.


Secure Anonymous Email

The most important consideration for the majority of our clientele when sending anonymous secure email is his or her personal anonymity.

While other web-based email services will reveal your identity without reservation to an interested private party with money, AnonymousSpeech.com will not respond to inquiries made by foreign governments or private parties regarding the emails sent by its subscribers.

Any inquiries  regarding the identity of our subscribers are ignored. We do not respond to any of them.

Located in Japan, AnonymousSpeech is governed by Japanese law and allowed to delete customer data legally from its servers.

By law AnonymousSpeech.com only reports to official Japanese government agencies. This makes it extremely expensive and troublesome for foreign private parties to obtain information about our subscribers.

Additionally, AnonymousSpeech.com protects itself and the identity of its subscribers with a legal protection insurance policy.

January 2016 Payment Page

Anonymous Payment


June 2007 Whois of vistomail.com

   Michael Weber
   2-27-17 Bld. Verute #203
   Tokyo, Tokyo 175-0083

   Registered through: GoDaddy.com, Inc. (http://www.godaddy.com)
   Domain Name: VISTOMAIL.COM
      Created on: 27-Jul-06
      Expires on: 27-Jul-08
      Last Updated on: 28-Jul-06

   Administrative Contact:
      Weber, Michael  wwwmichi@gmx.ch
      2-4-3 Ogikubo
      Tokyo, Tokyo 167-0052
      09098044243      Fax -- 

   Technical Contact:
      Weber, Michael  wwwmichi@gmx.ch
      2-4-3 Ogikubo
      Tokyo, Tokyo 167-0052
      09098044243      Fax -- 

   Domain servers in listed order:


2008 Whois of anonymousspeech.com

   AnonymousSpeech  LLC AnonymousSpeech  LLC
   1-3-3 Sakura House
   Tokyo, Tokyo 1670052

   Registered through: GoDaddy.com, Inc. (http://www.godaddy.com)
      Created on: 09-Jun-06
      Expires on: 09-Jun-10
      Last Updated on: 17-May-08

   Administrative Contact:
      AnonymousSpeech  LLC, AnonymousSpeech  LLC  contact@anonymouscontact.com
      1-3-3 Sakura House
      Tokyo, Tokyo 1670052
      8155396801      Fax -- 

   Technical Contact:
      AnonymousSpeech  LLC, AnonymousSpeech  LLC  contact@anonymouscontact.com
      1-3-3 Sakura House
      Tokyo, Tokyo 1670052
      8155396801      Fax -- 

   Domain servers in listed order:
  • Satoshi was smart enough to use anonymous emails like anonymousspeech.com, vistomail.com from the very beginning.
  • He registered the domain bitcoin.org using the same anonymous domain provider Michael Weber.
  • Theymos, admin of bitcoin forum reveals Satoshi used Tor extensively to hide his IP address
  • Hacker who stole satoshi’s gmx email recently could not identify Satoshi for the same reason. My best guess is, they were all Tor IP addresses OR Satoshi deleted all his old emails when he decided to quit.


These are the main reasons, no one was able to unmask Satoshi, the founder of bitcoin till date. He never revealed his name, never spoke anything about his personal life, never revealed his IP address while sending emails or logging into forum.

It all looks like a part of the plan from Day 1.

Conclusion – Satoshi can only be found using circumstantial evidence unless Michael Weber is willing to share the payment details of Satoshi for his anonymousspeech.com, vistomail emails and bitcoin.org domain. It is very unlikely that Michael would keep transaction records of 2008 considering his anonymous approach for his users. Even if he does, nothing could be done if Satoshi paid Michael via Cash by Mail or Money Gram.

Business Insider tries to pull Michael Weber



Michael Weber – The Anonymous Speech website owner.


2. Digital Evidence


Chapter 2 – Digital Evidence

Satoshi showed up on Internet for the first time at cryptography email list. It was August 2008 when he sent emails to Adam Back and Wei Dai using the email address satoshi@anonymousspeech.com


From: “Satoshi Nakamoto” <satoshi@anonymousspeech.com>
Sent: Friday, August 22, 2008 4:38 PM
To: “Wei Dai” <weidai@ibiblio.org>
Cc: “Satoshi Nakamoto” <satoshi@anonymousspeech.com>
Subject: Citation of your b-money page

The emails sent to Adam and Wei were related to the upcoming paper on Bitcoin – A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System.

On 31st October 2008, Satoshi posted his first email to a cryptography mailing list


Satoshi Nakamoto satoshi at vistomail.com
Fri Oct 31 14:10:00 EDT 2008

He used satoshi@vistomail.com email address to post.

Satoshi replied to James Donald, Hal Finney, Ray Dillinger and others in November 2008


The mailing list moderator Perry Metzger warned Satoshi and others as Bitcoin was related to money.


ADMIN: no money politics, please

Perry E. Metzger perry at piermont.com
Fri Nov 7 12:32:23 EST 2008

List Moderator’s Edict of the Day: A bunch of people seem anxious to branch the discussion of cryptographic cash protocols off into a discussion of the politics of money. I’m a rabid libertarian myself, but this isn’t the rabid libertarian mailing list. Please stick to discussing either the protocols themselves or their direct practicality, and not the perils of fiat money, taxation, your aunt Mildred’s gold coin collection, etc. Perry

Zooko came to rescue Satoshi by offering him P2P hackers mailing list to post his paper. Zooko being an ardent follower of Nick Szabo clearly made my eyebrows raise with his generosity 🙂

ADMIN: no money politics, please

zooko zooko at zooko.com
Fri Nov 7 16:10:31 EST 2008

Hey folks: you are welcome to discuss money politics over at the p2p- hackers mailing list: http://lists.zooko.com/mailman/listinfo/p2p-hackers

I’m extremely interested in the subject myself, having taken part in two notable
failed attempts to deploy Chaumian digital cash and currently being involved in a project that might lead to a third attempt.




There were no emails from Satoshi in December 2008


He was back on 8th Jan 2009 with his first version hosted at source forge

Satoshi Nakamoto satoshi at vistomail.com
Thu Jan 8 14:27:40 EST 2009


On 11 Feb 2009 Satoshi posted on P2P Foundation mentioning he was a male from Japan



Satoshi registered the domain bitcoin.org on 18-Aug-2008.

Time Line of evidence. One domain and 3 email address are used by Satoshi during the two year period he was in limelight -August 2008 till April 2011.

2008-08-18  bitcoin.org registered

2008-08-22  satoshi@anonymousspeech.com email to Wei Dai and Adam Back

2008-10-05   “Nakamoto2” username registered at Sourceforge

2008-10-31   satoshi@vistomail.com email to cryptography mailing list.

2008-10-31   satoshin@gmx.com email mentioned on bitcoin.pdf

2008-10-31 till 2009-01-25  Metzdowd Crytpgraphy email list

2008-12-10    “S_Nakamoto” username registered at Sourceforge

2008-12-10 till 2010-12-13  Sourceforge email list

2009-02-11   P2P Foundation registration

2009-11-19   Satoshi registered at bitcoin forum as user number 3

2011-04-23    Last conversation over gmx email.

2014-09-08  Satoshi email compromised

How did the hacker get into satoshin@gmx.com ?

GMX.com like any other email providers gives alternate email option for password recovery. Satoshi would have used his satoshi@vistomail.com as an alternate email during registration.

Hacker registered  satoshi@vistomail.com first at anonymousspeech.com which would have been expired by Sept, 2014. Then, using password recovery option at gmx, he gained access to satoshin@gmx.com email.

Satoshin@gmx.com is linked to Satoshi’s online world, P2P Foundation, Sourceforge. Hacker wrote everywhere.

1. The Usual Suspects


Chapter 1 – The Usual Suspects

As media started digging for Satoshi, too many names popped up. Unfortunately, everyone denied. They denied for a simple reason, because they are not Satoshi.

New Yorker – Michael Clear


Fast Company – Neal King and others


Ted Nelson – Shinichi Mochizuki


News Week – Dorian Nakamoto


Forbes – Hal Finney


New York Times – Nick Szabo


Wired – Craig Wright


Complete List of suspects